Rajputs III/10b: 747-1300 AD
1xEl or 3Kn (General): Rawal JAITRA SINGH (thirty-ninth ruler of the Mewar Dynasty) 1213 A.D. - 1253 A.D.
Mewar was the leading kingdom of Rajputana (Land of the Rajputs). Rajputs (literally 'sons of kings'), were originally a race of warriors. Rajput rulers used a feudal system that supported landowning Thakurs (barons) who, in turn, had dominance over serfs or farm workers.
Guhil founded the State of Mewar in 568 AD, and his descendants have ruled over the area ever since. The rulers of Mewar have worshipped Shiva in the form of Eklikgji since the reign of Bappa Rawal (734-753) and have always held the office of the priest-king's Diwan or Prime Minister. Kalbhoj Bappa, or Bappa Rawal, (734 A.D. - 753 A.D. ), founder of the Sisodia dynasty, moved the capital of Mewar from Nagda to the fortress city of Chittor. From here, the Rajputs offered a prolonged and determined resistance against mainly Muslim invaders from Afghanistan, and the Delhi Sultanates and Mughal Empire of North India. In the face of Muslim invasions across the western borders of Rajputana, Bappa ("Bappa" means father) united the smaller states of Ajmer and Jaisalmer to repel them.
For 800 years thereafter, Chittorgarh ("garh" means "fort") became the symbol of Hindu resistance, facing the armies of would-be conquerors. Chittorgarh, also called Chittaur, was the capital of Mewar under the Rajputs from the 7th century to the 16th century.
Jaitra Singh defeated Sultan Iltutmish (reigned 1211–36) to thwart the aggression of the Delhi Sultans in 1234.
Mewar is distinguished for the 'crimson' flag. In times of war and peace, this Standard or 'Nishan' as it is called, was always flying high. The image of the flaming sun and the katar are the distinguishing features of this famous awe-inspiring Nishan.
So high was the esteem for a good horse, that it was once said: "There are three things you must not ask of a Rajput, his horse, his mistress, or his sword."
Bhils, a tribal race of Mewar, were descendants of the original inhabitants of India. It was with these Bhil jungle-dwellers of Central India that the Rajputs established what were to become their most enduring alliances. Famous for their skill in archery, the bow and arrow (and occasionally swords), were their arms.
Kshatriyas (Brave Warriors), formed the Hindu military caste, particularly the Rajput warriors.
Information above mainly from the official website of the House of Mewar
Click here to see the army pictures.